The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the center-left party that has ruled Angola continuously since 1975, he claimed the victory in the elections in which Wednesday was voted to choose the new president and renew the unicameral parliament of the country. The country’s electoral commission said that, with 97 per cent of the ballots scrutinized, the MPLA obtained 51 per cent of the votes: the National Union for Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), center-right, its historical rival, it stopped at 44.5 per cent, despite the fact that in recent times it had increased the consensus so much that many had hypothesized a different result.
Angola is a country of about 33 million inhabitants and is located in southern Africa. The country’s current electoral system provides that the president and vice-president of the party that gets the most votes automatically become president and vice-president of the country: this means that the outgoing president João Lourenço, leader of the MPLA, will be re-elected for a second term of duration. five years.
Eight parties had turned up in Wednesday’s elections, but the attention was mainly focused on MPLA and UNITA, the only two who could really contend for victory. Since independence from Portugal, the MPLA he had ruled fairly undisturbed for nearly fifty yearswinning all the elections without too much difficulty, although gradually losing consensus.
In recent years, UNITA had focused heavily on general discontent, linked in particular to the current economic crisis in the country, to increase its support, obtaining such support that according to various analysts it could have won the elections. Adalberto Costa Júnior, leader of UNITA, however contested the counting of the cards.
Between 1975 and 2002 the MPLA and UNITA clashed in a long conflict in which other countries were also involved, especially during the Cold War: the Soviet Union and Cuba in support of MPLA on the one hand, and the United States and South Africa in support of UNITA on the other. The conflict formally ended with a peace agreement in 1991, but continued intermittently until 2002.