“The same money it can be used, yesterday as today, to betray and sell a friend or to save a victim. We see it every day, when the Coins of Judah and those of good samaritan they coexist in the same markets, in the same stock exchanges, in the same squares. The economy grows and becomes human when the money of the Samaritans becomes more numerous than that of Judah ”. It is the warning that Pope francesco addressed to the participants in the public assembly of Confindustria received in the Paul VI hall in the Vatican. “Adriano Olivettia great colleague of yours from the last century, had established a limit to the distance – Bergoglio recalled – between salaries higher and lower, because he knew that when wages and salaries are too different, the business community loses the sense of belonging to a common destiny, empathy and solidarity are not created among all; and so, in the face of a crisis, the work community does not respond as it could respond, with serious consequences for everyone. The value that you create depends on each and every one: it also depends on your creativity, talent and innovation, it also depends on everyone’s cooperation, everyone’s daily work. Because if it is true that every worker depends on his entrepreneurs and managers, it is also true that the entrepreneur depends on his workers, their creativity, their heart and soul: we can say that it depends on their spiritual ‘capital’of workers “.
The Pope also stressed that “even the world ofbusiness he is suffering a lot. There pandemic it has put a lot of productive activities to the test, the whole economic system has been wounded. And now the war in Ukraine with the energy crisis that is resulting from it. In these crises the good entrepreneur also suffers, who has the responsibility of his company, dei jobs, which feels uncertainties and risks about itself. In the market there are ‘mercenary’ entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs similar to the good shepherd, who suffer the same sufferings as their workers, who do not flee in front of the many wolves that circle around. People know how to recognize good entrepreneurs. We also saw him recently, at the death of Alberto Balocco: the whole corporate and civil community was saddened and expressed their esteem and gratitude “.
Francesco explained that the role of the entrepreneur can be combined with what the Gospel, indicating some conditions. The first is there sharing. “There wealthon the one hand – the Pope said – it helps a lot in life; but it is also true that he often complicates it: not only because he can become an idol and a ruthless master who takes his whole life day after day. It also complicates it because wealth calls for responsibility: once I own assets, I have the responsibility to make them bear fruit, not to waste them, to use them for the common good. Then wealth creates envy around itself, backbitingnot infrequently violence and badness. Jesus tells us that it is very difficult for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God. Difficult, yes, but not impossible. And in fact we know of wealthy people who were part of the first community of Jesus, for example Zacchaeus of Jericho, Joseph of Arimathea, or some women who supported the apostles with their goods. In the first communities there were women and men who were not poor; and in the Church there have always been people wealthy who followed the Gospel in an exemplary way: among these also entrepreneurs, bankerseconomists, such as the blessed Giuseppe Toniolo And Giuseppe Tovini. To enter the kingdom of heaven, not everyone is required to undress like the merchant Francis of Assisi; some who possess wealth are asked to share them. Sharing is another name for evangelical poverty ”.
“How can we live today – the Pope asked – this evangelical spirit of sharing? The forms are different, and every entrepreneur can find his own, according to his personality and his creativity. One form of sharing is philanthropy, that is, giving to the community, in various ways. And here I want to thank you for your concrete support for the Ukrainian people, especially the displaced children, so that they can go to school; thank you! But very important is the modality that in the modern world and in democracies they are taxes and the taxes, a form of sharing often doesn’t happen. The tax agreement it is the heart of the social pact. Taxes are also a form of sharing wealth so that it becomes common goods, public goods: school, health, rights, care, science, culture, heritage. Of course, taxes must be fair, equitable, fixed according to the ability to pay of each, as the Italian constitution. The tax system and administration must be efficient and not corrupt. But taxes should not be regarded as usurpation. They are a high form of sharing of goods, they are the heart of the social pact ”.
For Francesco “another way of sharing is the job creation, I work for everyone, especially for young people. THE young they need yours confidenceand you need young people, because businesses without young people lose innovation, energy, enthusiasm. Work has always been a form of communion of wealth: by hiring people you are already distributing your assets, you are already creating shared wealth. Each new job created is a dynamically shared slice of wealth. Here too lies the centrality of work in the economy and its great dignity. Today the technique risks making us forget this great truth, but if the new capitalism it will create wealth without creating jobs, this great good function of wealth is in crisis. And speaking of young people: when I meet the rulers, many tell me: ‘The problem in my country is that young people go out, because they have no chance’. Creating jobs is a challenge and some countries are in crisis because of this lack. I ask you this favor: that here, in this country, thanks to your initiative, your courage, there are jobs, created above all for young people ”.
“However, – continued Bergoglio – the problem of work cannot be solved if it remains anchored within the confines of the labor market alone: it is the model of social order to question. What model of social order? And here we touch on the question of denatality. The denatality, combined with the rapid aging of the population, is worsening the situation for entrepreneurs, but also for the economy in general: the supply of workers is decreasing and the pension expenditure borne by public finance. It is urgent to support the facts families and the birth rate. We must work on this, to get out as soon as possible from thedemographic winter where Italy and other countries also live. It is a bad demographic winter, which goes against us and prevents us from this ability to grow. Today having children is, I would say, a patriotic question, also to carry the country forward. Still on the subject of the birth rate: sometimes, a woman who is employed here or works there, is afraid to stay pregnant, because there is a reality, I am not saying between you, but there is a reality that as soon as you begin to see the belly, they chase it away. ‘No, no, you can’t get pregnant.’ Please, this is a problem with working women: study it, see how to do so that a pregnant woman can go on, both with the child she is expecting and with work “.
The Pope highlighted that “Italy has a strong community and territorial vocation: work has always been considered within a broader social pact, where the company is an integral part of community. The territory lives of the company and the company draws its nourishment from local resources, substantially contributing to the well-being of the places in which it is located. In this regard, the positive role that companies play on the reality ofimmigrationfavoring theconstructive integration and enhancing skills that are essential for the survival of the company in the current context. At the same time it is necessary to strongly reaffirm the ‘no’ to every form of exploitation of people and negligence in them safety. The problem of migrants: the migrant must be welcomed, accompanied, supported and integrated, and the way to integrate him is work. But if the migrant is rejected or simply used as a laborer without rights, this is a great injustice and also hurts your country. I also like to remember that the entrepreneur himself is a worker. And that’s cool huh! He does not live on income; the true entrepreneur lives from work, lives working, and remains an entrepreneur as long as he works. The good entrepreneur knows the workers because he knows the job. Many of you are artisan entrepreneurswho share the same daily fatigue and beauty of the employees. One of the serious crises of our time is the loss of contact of entrepreneurs with work: growing up, becoming older, life spends in offices, meetings, travels, conferences, and one no longer attends the workshops and the factories. You forget the ‘smell’ of work. It’s ugly. It is as it happens to us priests and bishops, when we forget the smell of the sheep, we are no longer shepherds, we are officials. You forget the smell of work, you no longer recognize the products with your eyes closed by touching them; and when an entrepreneur no longer touches his own productshe loses contact with the life of his company, and often begins his own too economic decline. Contact, closeness, which is God’s style: being close ”.